Yvonne Chevallier – 1951

By | November 12, 2016

“My husband needs you urgently”


Yvonne Chevallier is congratulated by her lawyer as she is found not guilty


Dr Pierre Chevallier was a member of the French cabinet when his 40-year-old wife, Yvonne, murdered him. They had met and married during his medical training and had two sons, Mathieu in 1940 and Thugal in 1945. By 1950 all the romance and affection had gone from their marriage. The Chevallier sons made friends with the three children of their neighbours, Jeanne and Leon Perreau. Leon Perreau was short, bald and portly while his wife was a glamorous redhead 15 years his junior. He ran a department shop in Orleans, which kept him away from his wife six days a week. It was not long before gossip began about Madame Perreau — it was said that she had a string of lovers. Dr Chevallier was soon counted among them. His wife was anxious about her husband, her looks and her family. She visited a doctor who prescribed her drugs to help but she became addicted to Maxiton, an amphetamine, and Veronal, a barbiturate.

In 1951 she received a poison pen letter informing her that her husband was keeping Jeanne Perreau’s bed warm. She searched his wardrobe and found a love letter from Jeanne to her husband. It finished, “Without you life would have no beauty or meaning for me. Jeannette.” Chevallier went to see Leon Perreau who told her that he knew his wife was sleeping with her husband but it did not bother him.

On 11 August 1951 Dr Chevallier was sworn in as a government minister for education, youth and athletics. At home the Chevalliers argued and then she flung herself at him, begging him to end the affair. He refused. She ran from the room and fetched a gun she had recently bought and threatened to kill herself. He told her to do it. She fired but at him not herself. After the fourth shot 10-year-old Mathieu ran to his parents’ bedroom to see what was happening. Chevallier took Mathieu downstairs and asked the family maid to look after him, before returning to the room where she pumped a fifth bullet into the back of her dying husband. She rang the police and said, “My husband needs you urgently.”


Orleans, France


Saturday 11 August 1951


When she came to trial (the location was moved from Orleans where Dr Chevallier had been a popular mayor to Rheims) on 5 November 1952, Yvonne claimed that it was a crime passionel but halting between firing the fourth and fifth rounds seemed to contradict this. In court Leon Perreau showed that he liked Dr Chevallier, “I got on with him very well.”

It was when Madame Perreau testified that the public opinion swung in favour of Chevallier and she was acquitted. The Catholic Church granted her absolution for the killing. She went to Africa to work with the poor and is believed to have died in the 1970s.


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